Motivational interviewing as a supervision strategy in probation: A randomized effectiveness trial

TitleMotivational interviewing as a supervision strategy in probation: A randomized effectiveness trial
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsWalters, ST, Vader, AM, Nguyen, N, Harris, RT, Eells, J
JournalJournal of Offender Rehabilitation
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Place PublishedUnited Kingdom
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1050-96741540-8558
Accession Number2010-12991-001. First Author & Affiliation: Walters, Scott T.
Keywordsmotivational interviewing, Personnel Training, probation, probation officer training, probation officers, Professional Supervision, supervision strategy

Motivational interviewing (MI) has been recommended as a supervision style in probation. This project examined the effectiveness of an MI training curriculum on probation officer MI skill and subsequent probationer outcome. Twenty probation officers were randomized to receive MI training, or to a waiting list control, while an additional group of 10 officers served as a supervision-as-usual group; officer outcomes included questionnaires and standardized interactions at baseline, 2 months, and 6 months. A total of 380 probationers were assigned to officers during a 4-month period; offender outcomes included the probability of having a drug-positive urinalysis or an otherwise poor outcome after 6 months. The MI training program improved officer skill as measured by standardized interactions. However, after controlling for baseline characteristics, probationer outcome did not vary by training group, nor did officer MI competence predict outcome. Results are discussed in terms of the role of MI in the overall probation system. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

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