Motivational Interviewing: Ein Literaturüberblick

TitleMotivational Interviewing: Ein Literaturüberblick
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsDemmel, R
JournalSucht: Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis
Place PublishedGermany
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0939-5911
Accession Number2003-07733-002
Keywordsbehavior change, client centered counseling style, Client Centered Therapy, cognitive psychology, Drug Abuse Prevention, Empathy, empathy expression, interviewing, Motivation, motivational interviewing, social psychology, Substance use disorders, Treatment Outcome, Treatment Outcomes

Clients with substance use disorders are often ambivalent about engaging in addictive behaviour versus resisting it. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a directive and client-centered counselling style developed by Miller and Rollnick (1991) to elicit behaviour change by exploring and resolving ambivalence. Miller and Rollnick (1991) describe five principles of MI: (1) Express empathy, (2) Develop discrepancy, (3) Avoid argumentation, (4) Roll with resistance and (5) Support self-efficacy. These principles are based on the results of cognitive and social psychology. Since the late eighties several motivational treatment approaches were developed and evaluated mainly in the English-speaking countries (the Drinker's Checkup, Motivational Enhancement Therapy, the harm reduction program BASICS, Brief Motivational Interviewing, Brief Negotiation and a number of less standardized brief interventions). The results of previous studies suggest that especially standardized motivational interventions for problem drinkers are successful in reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol- related harm, respectively. Treatment outcome may be enhanced by research on the hypothesized mechanisms of action, process evaluation of implementation and evidenced-based training of practitioners. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

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