Smoking cessation: Integration of behavioral and drug therapies

TitleSmoking cessation: Integration of behavioral and drug therapies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsMallin, R
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Date PublishedMar 15
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0002-838X (Print)0002-838X (Linking)
Accession Number11925087
Keywords*Smoking Cessation/methods, Behavior Therapy, Bupropion/therapeutic use, Counseling, Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use, Humans, Physician-patient relations, Smoking/prevention & control

Family physicians should take advantage of each contact with smokers to encourage and support smoking cessation. Once a patient is identified as a smoker, tools are available to assess readiness for change. Using motivational interviewing techniques, the physician can help the patient move from the precontemplation stage through the contemplation stage to the preparation stage, where plans are made for the initiation of nicotine replacement and/or bupropion therapy when indicated. Continued motivational techniques and support are needed in the action stage, when the patient stops smoking. Group or individual behavioral counseling can facilitate smoking cessation and improve quit rates. Combined use of behavioral and drug therapies can dramatically improve the patient's chance of quitting smoking. A plan should be in place for recycling the patient through the appropriate stages if relapse should occur.

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