Reducing HIV and partner violence risk among women with criminal justice system involvement: A randomized controlled trial of two motivational interviewing-based interventions

TitleReducing HIV and partner violence risk among women with criminal justice system involvement: A randomized controlled trial of two motivational interviewing-based interventions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsWeir, BW, O'Brien, K, Bard, RS, Casciato, CJ, Maher, YOU, Dent, CW, Dougherty, JA, Strong, MJ
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume13
Pagination509-522
Date PublishedJun
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1573-3254 (Electronic)1090-7165 (Linking)
Accession Number18636325
Keywords*Interviews as Topic, *Motivation, female, Follow-Up Studies, Health Promotion/*methods, HIV Infections/epidemiology/*prevention & control, Humans, Impact, Intention, Male, prisons, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Risk-Taking, Socioeconomic Factors, Spouse Abuse/*prevention & control/psychology, Unsafe Sex, Violence/*prevention & control/psychology
Abstract

Women with histories of incarceration show high levels of risk for HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV). This randomized controlled trial with women at risk for HIV who had recent criminal justice system involvement (n = 530) evaluated two interventions based on Motivational Interviewing to reduce either HIV risk or HIV and IPV risk. Baseline and 3, 6, and 9-month follow-up assessments measured unprotected intercourse, needle sharing, and IPV. Generalized estimating equations revealed that the intervention groups had significant decreases in unprotected intercourse and needle sharing, and significantly greater reductions in the odds and incidence rates of unprotected intercourse compared to the control group. No significant differences were found in changes in IPV over time between the HIV and IPV group and the control group. Motivational Interviewing-based HIV prevention interventions delivered by county health department staff appear helpful in reducing HIV risk behavior for this population.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18636325
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