An experimental test of three methods of alcohol risk reduction with young adults

TitleAn experimental test of three methods of alcohol risk reduction with young adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsBaer, JS, Marlatt, GA, Kivlahan, DR, Fromme, K, Larimer, ME, Williams, E
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Date PublishedDec
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0022-006X (Print)0022-006X (Linking)
Accession Number1460160
Keywords*Cognitive Therapy, *Psychotherapy, Group, Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control, Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol Drinking/psychology, Alcoholism/*prevention & control/psychology, Ethanol/pharmacokinetics, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors

This study tested 3 forms of alcohol risk reduction programming for young adults. Volunteers were randomly assigned to receive a 6-week class and discussion group, a 6-unit self-help manual, or a single 1-hr feedback and advice session with professional staff. Results reveal significant reductions in self-reported drinking at the end of the intervention phase and maintenance of drinking changes throughout a 2-year follow-up period. Comparable drinking reductions were rated across treatments; however, noncompliance with the self-help reading program suggested limited utility. Treatment response was related to subject age, as subjects showed increased drinking during the year they reached legal drinking status. The efficacy of brief motivational interventions and client matching in prevention programs is discussed.

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