An adapted postdonation motivational interview enhances blood donor retention

TitleAn adapted postdonation motivational interview enhances blood donor retention
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSinclair, KS, Campbell, TS, Carey, PM, Langevin, E, Bowser, B, France, CR
Date PublishedApr 23
Publication LanguageEng
ISBN Number1537-2995 (Electronic)0041-1132 (Linking)
Accession Number20456674

BACKGROUND: Blood donors may hold conflicting thoughts about future donation. While they may perceive the direct benefit to themselves and others, they often report compelling reasons not to give again. As a result the standard encouragements to return may not be sufficient to motivate some donors. This study examined the effects of a postdonation adapted motivational interview (AMI) on blood donor attitudes and repeat donation behavior. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Donors (n = 215) were randomly assigned to either an AMI or a no-interview control group. Approximately 1 month after their index donation, donors in the AMI group completed a brief telephone interview to clarify individual-specific motivations and values concerning blood donation and address potential barriers. They were then asked to complete questionnaires regarding donation attitudes, anxiety, self-efficacy, and intention to donate. Donors in the control group were also contacted 1 month after donation and asked to complete the same series of questionnaires. RESULTS: Donors in the AMI group reported greater intention to provide a future donation (F = 8.13, p < 0.05), more positive donation attitudes (F = 4.59, p < 0.05), and greater confidence in their ability to avoid adverse reactions (F = 10.26, p < 0.01). Further, AMI was associated with higher rates of attempted donation at 12 months (odds ratio, 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-4.87). CONCLUSION: Application of an AMI may be an effective strategy to increase the donor pool by enhancing retention of existing donors.

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